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'''Franz Clemens Honoratus Hermann Brentano''' (January 16, 1838 – March 17, 1917) was an influential German philosophy|philosopher, psychology|psychologist, and priest whose work strongly influenced not only students Sigmund Freud, Kazimierz Twardowski, Alexius Meinong, Carl Stumpf, Anton Marty, Christian von Ehrenfels, and Tomáš Masaryk (as well as Masaryk's student, Edmund Husserl), but many others whose work would follow and make use of his original ideas and concepts.
RegionWestern Philosophy
Era19th-century philosophy
Birth dateJanuary 16, 1838
Birth place{{ill|de|Marienberg am Rhein}},
Rhine Province, Kingdom of Prussia|Prussia
Death dateMarch 17, 1917 (aged 79)
Death placeZürich, Swiss Confederation|Switzerland
Alma materUniversity of Munich
Humboldt University of Berlin|University of Berlin
University of Münster
University of Tübingen
(PhD, 1862)
University of Würzburg
(Dr.hab., 1866)
School traditionSchool of Brentano
Intentionalism (philosophy of mind)|Intentionalism ("act psychology")[http://www.britannica.com/biography/Franz-Brentano Franz Brentano – Britannica.com]
Empirical psychologyE. B. Titchener, [http://www.jstor.org/stable/1413478?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents "Brentano and Wundt: Empirical and Experimental Psychology"], ''The American Journal of Psychology'', '''32'''(1) (Jan. 1921), pp. 108–120.
Austrian Phenomenology (philosophy)|phenomenologyRobin D. Rollinger, ''Austrian Phenomenology: Brentano, Husserl, Meinong, and Others on Mind and Object'', Walter de Gruyter, 2008, p. 7.
Austrian Philosophical realism|Realism''Gestalt Theory: Official Journal of the Society for Gestalt Theory and Its Applications (GTA)'', '''22''', Steinkopff, 2000, p. 94: "Attention has varied between Continental Phenomenology (late Husserl, Merleau-Ponty) and Austrian Realism (Brentano, Meinong, Benussi, early Husserl)".Robin D. Rollinger, ''Austrian Phenomenology: Brentano, Husserl, Meinong, and Others on Mind and Object'', Walter de Gruyter, 2008, p. 114: "The fact that Brentano [in ''Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint''] speaks of a relation of analogy between physical phenomena and real things existing outside of the mind obviously indicates that he is a realist and not an idealist or a solipsist, as he may indeed be taken to at first glance. Rather, his position is a very extreme representational realism. The things which exist outside of our sensations, he maintains, are in fact to be identified with the ones we find posited in the hypotheses of natural sciences."
InstitutionsUniversity of Würzburg
(1866–1873)
University of Vienna
(1873–1895)
Main interestsOntology
Psychology
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